^Back To Top

foto1 foto2 foto3 foto4 foto5


Get Adobe Flash player

Impact of Electronic Resources in Present Libraries & Information Resources Centers
Sharat Kaushik, Shesh Narayan

Abstract
This paper defines the impacts of electronic resources in Libraries & Information Resources Centers and discusses about positive and negative impacts of electronic resources in Libraries & Information Resources Centers. Libraries must take the necessary initiative and lead in changing the present scenario of information storage and retrieval to barrier-free access of electronic resources. E-resources are very important source of information for modern time in the world, because e- resources have become most preferred source of information for users, researchers & students today. This paper main objective is to know how to impact e-resources in the libraries and information resource access and also discussed Aims, Need, Advantages, Disadvantages, Types, Positive and Negatives Impacts, challenges and Indian Scenario facing with e-resources.
Download Full Text

An Overview of Foreign Direct Investment in Multi Brand and Single Brand Retail Sector of India
Bharti, Gaurav Sharma and Nitin Kumar

Abstract
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) plays a very important role in the development of the nation. Sometimes domestically available capital is insufficient for the purpose of overall development of the country. Foreign capital is seen as a way of filling in gaps between domestic savings and investment. India can attract much larger foreign investments than it has done in the past. The present study has focused on the trends of FDI Flow in India during 2000-01 to 2014-15 (up to June, 2015). The current regulations on retail allow 100% FDI in wholesale cash-and-carry trading. In single-brand retailing, 100% FDI is permitted while it is prohibited in multi-brand retailing. The question arises whether opening up of FDI in multi-brand retail will create problems or provide opportunities. There is no clear answer and ample views have been expressed both in favour and against FDI. The aim of the paper is to get insights regarding the retail industry of the India and its role in the economy. The paper also explores the advantages as well as the disadvantages of allowing 100 % FDI in the retail sector. The paper provides brief information about the growth of retailing industry in India. The study encompasses growth of retail sector, strength and opportunities of retail stores, retail format on India, recent trends and opportunities and challenges.
Download Full Text

Routing Protocols in WSN-A Survey
Deepika, Manisha

Abstract
The wireless Sensor Network is composed of a significant number of autonomous nodes deployed in an extensive area. A large no of sensor nodes are distributed over an area of interest for collecting the information. In WSN all nodes are not directly connected. Therefore, the data is exchanged by multihop communications. So the function of routing protocols is to discover and maintain the routes in the network. In WSN, the sensor nodes have a limited transmission range, energy, processing speed and storage capabilities. We will study one area of wireless sensor networks, which is the routing protocols. This paper presents a review of the main routing protocols proposed for wireless sensor networks. Broadly routing protocols are classified as classical based and swarm intelligence based routing protocols.
Download Full Text

A Review on Energy Efficient and Multihop Hierarchical MAC Protocol for WSN
Mridula, Kirti

Abstract
Wireless sensor network is an emerging technology in this modern era. WSN is considered as growing sensing technology in the 21st century. It is marked a remarkable presence in the development of network. WSN needs to be energy efficient with a goal to maximize the overall network lifespan of battery powered sensor nodes. So with a goal to prolong network lifetime of WSN, energy consumption should be minimize in almost all WSN protocols, especially for medium access control protocols (MAC) that straightly ensures of radio module as the major energy consumption component. Single hop network are suitable for short range communications but to cover large monitoring region multihop communication between sensor nodes are essential. Multihop wireless network relays signal over multiple shorter hops from source to destination using intermediate nodes and becomes a mean of extending radio coverage. For better performance scalability and robustness, sensor nodes should be assembled into clusters. To minimize energy consumption a technique named hierarchical clustering algorithm is used. It can enhance network lifetime, stability and scalability. In this multihop communication scenario, the communication among sensor nodes and its respective cluster head (CH) is supposed to be single hop. However multihop communication is needed when the numbers of sensor nodes operating in a network are very large and their communication range is limited. In this paper, we proposed a randomized distributed multihop clustering communication to arrange sensor nodes into cluster in WSN. Each sensor node gathered the data and communicates with their designated CHs using single hop communication. In every cluster, the selected CHs collect data from member nodes, aggregate the data and transmit into a base station using multihop communication. We observe and compare the characteristics of multihop communication between clusters in large Scale sensors networks with single hop.
Download Full Text

Energy Efficient MAC protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey
Kavita, Kirti

Abstract
The term "wireless" has become a generic and all-encompassing word used to describe communications in which electromagnetic waves to carry a signal over part or the entire communication path Due to tremendous success of wireless voice and messaging services, it is hardly surprising that wireless communication is beginning to be applied to the domain of personal and business computing. Wireless sen1sor network are one of the category belongs to ad-hoc networks. Sensor network are also composed of nodes. Here actually the node has a specific name that is “Sensor” because these nodes are equipped with smart sensors A sensor node is a device that converts a sensed characteristic like temperature, vibrations, pressure into a form recognize by the users. Energy efficient techniques play a significant role in saving the energy. There are many existing Topology control protocols, each one is having its own advantages as well as disadvantages. This paper presents MAC layer challenges, relevant features of MAC standards, classifications of MAC protocols, sources of energy loss in MAC protocols, and techniques to reduce these losses.
Download Full Text

A Review on Architecture of Wireless Sensor Networks in Structural Health Monitoring
Monika, Tajender Malik

Abstract
Structural health monitoring has become a famous application in wireless sensor networks since years. But it has some limitations such as scalability, visual impact and installation/maintenance cost. Wireless sensor networks are having wide area of application in SHM. In this paper we proposed a placement algorithm for SHM. SHM is a wide area of interest. SHM is the way by which we can make the structures smart. It is a new and advanced way to make non-damaging evaluation. SHM consists of a lot of sensors, smart materials and processing abilities in its structure. Conventional monitoring systems which were used for this application involve a large number of wires and an acquisition system having remote connections Wireless sensor network has many applications. SHM is one of them in which WSN is used for health monitoring of buildings, bridges and many more structures.
Download Full Text

A Review Report on Intelligence Based Enhancement in Wireless Sensor Network
Arti, Deepika

Abstract
Abstract Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are commonly deployed for gathering data from hostile environment. Various issues in WSNs are formulated as multidimensional Enhancement problems, and approached through bio-inspired techniques. Swarm Enhancement (SE) has been applied to address WSN issues such as optimal deployment, node localization, clustering and data-aggregation. It can avoid network congestion and fast consumption of energy of individual node. This paper outlines issues in WSNs, introduces Swarm Based Intelligent approach and its suitability for WSN applications.
Download Full Text

Review on Security Enhancement in Wireless Sensor Networks using Neural Networks
Jyoti, Sunita

Abstract
This article presents an application of a neural net in wireless sensor network to raise the security system. A multilayer perceptron (MLP) established media approach dominance communications protocol (MAC) can be applied in wireless sensor network (WSN) versus the denial-of-service (DOS) attacks. The MLP enhances the security of a WSN by constantly monitoring the parameters that exhibit unusual variations in case of DOS attack. The MLP shuts down the MAC layer and the tangible level of the detector client when the suspicion factor appears or the output of the MLP exceeds a threshold level. Back propagation and Hopfield are used for training the MLP. Hopfield network (HN) uses associative memory to store the pattern. The HN itself is robust since it performs pattern completion in case of missing data and pattern correction in case of corrupted data due to the association ability.
Download Full Text

A Review: Analysis of various routing protocol in SHM Application
Kulvinder Singh

Abstract
Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is a special case of multicarrier transmission where a single DataStream is transmitted over a number of lower rate subcarriers. In July 1998, the IEEE standardization group decided to select OFDM as the basis for their new 5-GHz standard aiming a range of data stream from 6 up to 54 Mbps. This new standard is the first one to use OFDM in packet-based communications. In wireless communication, concept of parallel transmission of symbols is used to achieve high throughput and better transmission quality. Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is one of the techniques for parallel transmission. The idea of OFDM is to split the total transmission bandwidth into a number of orthogonal subcarriers in order to transmit the symbols using these subcarriers in parallel. In this paper we will discuss the basics of OFDM techniques, role of OFDM in this era, its benefits and losses and also some of its application.
Download Full Text

Review Analysis on CDMA, OFDM & UWB using Smart Antenna
Poonam, Prerna and Ritu Yadav

Abstract
Brief history of evolution of mobile communication throughout entire world is useful in order to appreciate fabulous impact that cellular radio and PCS will have on all of us over next several decades. Progressive involvement in technology development is very crucial for any government if it hopes to keep its own country competitive in the rapidly growing field of wireless communication. As time passed we developed so much advanced technology which was never been possible before. Multimegabit bit internet access, communication using voice over internet protocol, unparalleled network capacity, ubiquitous always on access and voice activated call are some of advantageous acquired by developer. The eventual 3G evolution for CDMA system leads to cdma2000 and many variants of cdma2000 are currently being developed. All these variants are based on fundamental of IS-95 and IS-95B technology. Similarly for other technology OFDM and UWB we developed lot of advanced technology as per need of clients. Our main focus to develop this technology is that cost effective, less complex, maximum subscriber, high quality of service. As we know information is transmitted through electromagnetic waves with help of antenna. Antennas are of much type which types of antenna are best suited for which technology very important task. Now days we are using smart antenna. We can say smart antennas are arrays of antenna which consist multiple transmitter antenna and multiple receiver antenna.
Download Full Text

end faq

Submit Your Paper to
editorinchief@ijeti.com
along with Copyright Form

 

.:: IMPORTANT DATES ::.
Volume 5, Issue 1 
(January 2018)

Submission: 15 December 2017
Publication: January 2018

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.